MANDATORY PILOTS BRIEF FOR THE GNSS APPROACHES AT LAND’S END AIRPORT
Land’s End Airport has developed RNAV GNSS LNAV and LPV instrument approach procedures (IAP’s) for runways 07, 16, 25 and 34. The procedures are compatible with existing visual approach procedures and have been designed in accordance with criteria detailed in ICAO PANS-OPS Doc 8168 Vol II. The LNAV approaches for runways 07, 16, 25 and 34 are now promulgated for use. Pilots must familiarise themselves with the IAP chart before flying the procedure. The approach chart and coding table for this approach can be downloaded using the links below and from the Land’s End UK AIP pages:
The LPV approaches to all four main runways will be available for use in the near future.
PPR by Telephone:
Under the terms of its Ordinary Aerodrome Licence, the Aerodrome Authority has made this approach available to all properly equipped and trained users under a strict PPR system (as annotated on the bottom of all IAP charts). PPR MUST be obtained by TELEPHONE (01736 788944) – airborne requests for the IAP’s will NOT be accepted. A landing ‘slot’ will be issued by ATC.
Pilot’s attention is drawn to UK AIP AD 2.EGHC-7, AD 2.20 Local Traffic Regulations, Para 4(i) that states:
"Use of the RNAV procedures is strictly PPR from the Aerodrome Authority."
Appropriately Qualified & Equipped:
It is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED that all pilots intending to fly the IAP’s read the CAA publication CAP 773. This gives guidance on the pilot training and licence requirements to fly these approaches, the minimum equipment that the aircraft must carry and suggested checks (both ground and airborne) that pilots should complete before flying an IAP.
Pilot’s attention is drawn to UK AIP AD 2.EGHC-7, AD 2.20 Local Traffic Regulations, Para 4(i) that also states:
"Pilots should note that they must be appropriately qualified to fly the GNSS Approaches at Land’s End (ie they must hold an IMC (or European equivalent) or IR rating which has included a specific module on GNSS Approaches"
CAP 773 makes it very clear, in para 3.3, that:
"ALL hand-held and many existing aircraft installations DO NOT meet the requirements for approach operations and their use IS NOT authorised for any RNAV operations, including approach. Pilots must ensure that the equipment and its installation in the particular aircraft to be flown meet the airworthiness requirements of the intended flight."
When booking your PPR, ATC staff at Land’s End will ask the caller if the Pilot and Aircraft are suitably equipped and licensed.
It is possible to use the IAP’s for training. The PPR procedure below most be followed and it must be stated whether the IAP training will be conducted under VFR or IFR. The exact nature of the flight must also be passed to ATC (ie two approaches and one missed approach) so that the appropriate PPR slots can be booked.
Charges for using the IAP’s are detailed on the "Pilot Services" tab.
Pilots should note the following important points:
- Land’s End Airport is situated in Class G airspace and by its very nature, is an unknown environment. In class G airspace, separation of aircraft is ultimately the responsibility of the pilot as is terrain clearance. However, Land’s End ATC has a responsibility to prevent collisions between known flights (by passing traffic information) and to maintain a safe, orderly and expeditious flow of traffic.
- When aircraft are within 20nm of Land’s End and not above 4,000ft, pilots will be requested to squawk 4501 – the discrete squawk for aircraft intending to fly the IAP’s.
- Land’s End Tower (120.250 MHz) can normally only accept one IFR aircraft on frequency at a time.
- Only one aircraft at a time may conduct an IAP at Land’s End. While the PPR procedure should space arriving traffic, pilots should allow for possible delays.
- Due to their proximity, the IAP’s at Land’s End are not horizontally separated from the IAP’s at St. Mary’s therefore delays may occur while both ATCU’s co-ordinate traffic.
- Pilots may be asked to hold (orbit) or route clear of the active IAP pattern – such instructions will be in the format of “Can you accept an orbit (North abeam Pendeen / abeam St. Ives)?”.
- i) Pilots may be asked to enter into an agreement – this will be in the format of “For co-ordination, can you maintain altitude 3,000ft?”
- Pilots may be requested to remain outside the Land’s End ATZ – as a full Aerodrome ATC service is provided, specific permission/clearance to enter the ATZ must be attained.
- Expected Approach Time’s (EAT’s) will not be issued but ATC will advise the ETA of any proceeding traffic.
- Due to the Aerodrome Control ATS, ‘clearance’ to commence the approaches is not given, instead the phrase, “ (A/c callsign), no reported traffic to effect (LNAV Approach Runway 07), report FAF ” is used.
- No tailwind landings are permitted – though pilots may elect to visually manoeuvre to an alternative runway.
- If a missed approach is executed, pilots may be asked to transfer (control and communication) to an Approach Control ATC Unit [Culdrose Approach (134.050 MHz), Scillies Approach (124.875 MHz) or Newquay Approach (133.4 MHz)] depending on operational hours and availability.
- To protect IAP traffic, when the visibility is 4000m or less (in any direction) and/or the cloud ceiling is less than 800ft, the Land’s End ATZ is closed to inbound VFR and IFR traffic with the exception of the following:
- Any scheduled flights
- Any aircraft booked in on under the PPR system
- Any Trinity House flights
- Any Category A-E flights
- Standard radio failure procedures apply – UK AIP ENR section 1.1 refers.
THE PROCEDURE FOR BOOKING PPR FOR THE IAP’S IS AS FOLLOWS:
- Telephone Land’s End ATC (01736 788944) prior to departure with the usual flight details, your request to fly the IAP and your requested ETA for the airfield.
- ATC will issue you a landing ‘slot’ as close to you requested ETA as possible – scheduled traffic requirements may mean this is not always possible.
- ATC will issue you with a PPR Time Range (a ten minute window) to arrive over the IAF’s – this MUST be achieved.
- If, at any point, it becomes apparent that the PPR Time Range cannot be achieved, you MUST inform ATC Land’s End asap as a new PPR Time Range will need to be issued.
- Failure to arrive within the PPR Time Range may result in a delay or not being able to use the IAP at all.
- When approaching Land’s End from the East, you must use the LARS service from Newquay (133.4 MHz) and/or Culdrose (134.050 MHz) when available and notify them of your intention to use the IAP at Land’s End.
- If no LARS is available, you MUST call us at least 10 minutes flying time away.